Netributor Nobel Prize Given for Discoveries About Biological Clock [
Thomas Perlmann, Secretary of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, who announced the prize in Stockholm, said that the scientists “were able to peek inside our biological clock and elucidate its inner workings," adding, "their discoveries explain how plants, animals, and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth’s revolutions.”
The trio of winners -- Jeffrey Hall, Michael Rosbash, and Michael Young -- will split up a prize of 9 million Swedish krona, or approximately $940,000 USD.
Scientists have been trying since at least the 1970s to figure out whether they could pinpoint genes in fruit flies that influence the daily patterns of sleeping, waking, and metabolism.
Hall and Robash, who work at Brandeis University, and Young, who calls Rockefeller University his professional home, began isolating circadian rhythm genes in the 1980s.
According to a report from Mashable, "Hall and Rosbash then discovered that levels of the protein the gene makes, dubbed PER, build up during the night and drop during the day, oscillating over a 24-hour cycle. The gene Young found in 1994, called timeless, makes a protein named TIM that was also required for a normal circadian rhythm."] - https://tinyurl.com/ycf6z8h3